The Univanich Collection of Deli dura (D) and Yangambi pisifera (P) has lineages which can be traced back through many generations of oil palm selection. The original selection has undergone further selection to create the Univanich DXP breeding population. During this selection process, additional breeding material was imported through the Unilever-Harrison Crossfield Combined Breeding programme (CBP). This CBP was derived from breeding programmes in Binga/Yangambi in Congo, Lobe in Cameroon and Dami in Papua New Guinea. Through this exchange, Univanich obtained the famous Yangambi pisifera which has undergone further selection through progeny testing in Univanich trials.
Our breeding program was established by Dr. RHV Corley, Head of Research for the Unilever Plantations. Univanich has continued to engage International consultants to advise on Breeding Selection and to ensure the highest standards of Seed production are maintained. Rigorous field testing and bunch analysis ensure only the highest yielding hybrid crosses are accepted into the Univanich Seed production programme.
Making What’s Possible in Southeast Asia
Univanich customers can be assured by ISO 9001:2008 Certification and regular annual auditing of production processes necessary to maintain this high-quality standard. Recent audits continue to demonstrate that Univanich DxP crosses are 100% pure Tenera hybrids.
The Oil Palm Industry in Thailand is relatively free of major diseases. Lethal diseases such as Vascular Wilt, Fatal Yellowing or Lethal Bud Rot that can infect oil palm in parts of Africa and South and Central America, do not occur in Thailand. A strict protocol is followed for each export consignment of Univanich Seed, issued by the Plant Quarantine Service of Thailand’s Ministry of Agriculture.
The Univanich breeding programs main aim is to produce high yielding DxP planting materials which are especially tolerant of the seasonal droughts of subtropical environments. At Univanich, we have two available seed products: the Univanich Seed, and the Elite Univanich Clonal Seed.:
All our seeds have two key features
- 1. High Yield
- 2. Drought-tolerance
Univanich developed Thailand’s first Tissue Culture Laboratory to produce oil palm clones. Elite palms have been identified in the company’s breeding programme and cloned from tissue samples to support the next generation of high yielding planting material, the clonal seed generation.
The Clonal seed has been developed through selecting our very best mother palms and cloning them. These mother palms are then planted to establish a seed garden, from which we can then produce large quantities of seed. Pollination is done using pollen from our best pisifera palms. This produces our clonal seed, the next generation of elite seed.
Benefits of Clonal Seed
1. Irrigation of oil palms in Southern Thailand
Palat Tittinutchanon, B G Smith and R H V Corley ISP International Planters Conference, May 2000
2. Replanting oil palms in Thailand : Underplanting with Various Thinning and Pruning Techniques
J H Clendon and Palat Tittinutchanon Incorporated Society of Planters : National Seminar, 4 – 15 June 2004
3. The Univanich oil palm Breeding Programme and Progeny Trial Results from Thailand
V. Rao, Palat Tittinutchanon, Chayawat Nakharin and R H V Corley The Planter. Vol. 84. No. 989, August 2008
4. A Review of Three CDM Biogas Projects Based on Palm Oil Mill Effluent, in Southern Thailand
Sompol Tantitham, Phiphit Khlaisombat, J H Clendon, M Campbell-Board and B McIntosh PIPOC International Palm Oil Conference. 9 – 12 November 2009
5. Maximising oil palm Yield by High Density Planting and Thinning
Palat Tittinutchanon, Chayawat Nakharin and R H V Corley The Planter, 88 (1033) : 241 – 256 2012
6. Maximising Lifetime Yield for Greater Economic Sustainability
R H V Corley & Palat Tittinutchanon PIPOC International Palm Oil Conference, Kuala Lumpur, 2013